Our monthly series called “Brain Tumor Facts & Figures” will provide information and data that can help you in your advocacy, fundraising, and awareness-raising efforts by presenting statistics that can help convey the difficult realities our community is up against. These can be used to make a case for support to your members of Congress, state legislators, family, friends, co-workers, and other members of your community and network.
For a full breakdown of all the standard brain tumor statistics and facts, one can always view our Brain Tumors Quick Facts webpage.
For our first few installments of this series, we’ve focused on some unique and different brain tumor facts and stats that more in-depth than the more basic figures about brain tumors – how many are diagnosed every year, survival rates, etc. – to include facts on things like cost-of-care and Years of Potential Life Lost.
But for Brain Tumor Awareness Month this May, it seemed appropriate to once again share those key, top-line figures that provide a sense of how many individuals are impacted by this disease in the United States.
So today, we look at incidence rates, new cases, mortality, and survival rates for brain tumors in America in 2018. All figures are from the latest report from the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (cbtrus.org):
The Measure: Incidence rates
What it Means: The number of instances of illness commencing, or of persons falling ill, during a given period in a specified population.
Current Brain Tumor Incidence Rate: The incidence rate of all primary malignant and non-malignant brain and CNS tumors in 22.64 cases per 100,000 Americans for a total count of 379,848 incidences of brain tumors during the most recent time-frame measured – 2010-2014.
The Measure: Estimated new cases
What it Means: The estimated number of new diagnoses of a disease in a given year.
Estimated New Cases of Brain Tumors in 2018: It is estimated that 78,980 new cases of primary malignant and non-malignant brain tumor and other CNS tumors will be diagnosed in the United States in 2018. This includes an estimated 23,830 primary malignant brain tumors, and 55,150 non-malignant brain tumors.
The Measure: Mortality
What it Means: An estimate of the proportion of a population that dies during a specified period.
Current Brain Tumor Mortality Rate: The average annual mortality rate of brain tumors in the United States between 2010-2014 was 4.33 per 100,000 Americans, with 75,271 deaths attributed to primary brain and CNS tumors during this time. An estimated 16,616 deaths will be attributed to primary brain and CNS tumors in the United States in 2018.
The Measure: Survival rates
What it Means: A way of comparing the survival of people who have a specific disease with those who don’t, over a certain period of time. This is usually five years from the date of diagnosis or the start of treatment for those with the disease. It is calculated by dividing the percentage of patients with the disease who are still alive at the end of the period of time by the percentage of people in the general population of the same sex and age who are alive at the end of the same time period. The relative survival rate shows whether the disease shortens life.
Survival Rates for Brain Tumor Patients in 2018: The five-year relative survival rate in the United States following a diagnosis of a primary malignant brain and other CNS tumors is only 34.9%. Even for primary non-malignant brain tumors, the five-year relative survival rate in the United States is only 90.47%.
Together, these statistics show the straight-forward, overall impact that brain tumors have on Americans. Too many people in the United States are affected by brain tumors and we are losing far too many loved ones to this disease. With your support, we are working to change that. So, to join the fight and take action against brain tumors during the remainder of Brain Tumor Awareness Month, 2018 – and, indeed, all year long – please check out ways to get involved, here.